Floral Art



Graphite Pencil

Pastel Pencil

Oil Paint

Mixed Media

About Graphite Pencil


Graphite is the common mineral used for writing and drawing which is also known as "lead" and normally used in the traditional wood or modern mechanical casing, however, graphite "lead" is not the toxic heavy metal lead.

When in a pencil core, graphite is mixed with clay binder for varying degrees of softness. The softer the core (less clay) means the darker it will be, and reversely the harder the core (more clay) means it leaves a lighter imprint.

Numbers and letters on pencils indicate the degrees of light to dark. "B" stands for "black", "H" stands for "hard", and "F" is a random letter chosen to indicate the mid point between "H" and "HB". The higher the number means lighter (hard) or darker (soft) it will be. Because of this dynamic range, typically twenty different types (9H 8H 7H 6H 5H 4H 3H 2H H F HB B 2B 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B 8B 9B), it gives artists the ability to create numerous kinds of contrasts and artistic styles.

About Pastel Pencil


Pastels are pigment particles, natural or synthetic, mixed with a binder (gum arabic, gum tragacanth,  or methyl cellulose), to hold the pigments together in the form of a stick. Because the pastel is the closest medium to raw pigment, it allows the colors to be extremely bright and vibrant.

Pastel pencils are pencils with soft pastel as the "lead". Soft pastels have less binder in them and more pigment, hence why they're called "soft". The softer a pastel the more dust it creates, making framing soft pastel art behind glass necessary for it's protection.

Oil pastels are made with an oil based binder while hard pastels have more binder and less pigment than other pastels. With the many brands of pastels and varying degrees of binders, there is a grand supply of intense and vivid colors available for artists.

About Oil Paint


Oil paints are often referred to as the most traditional creative mediums artist have used throughout history, as the first recorded oil painting was made around 650 A.D.

The paint is normally made with pigment particles, natural or synthetic, combined with a binder which is usually a slow drying oil, typically linseed oil. Because of the slow drying binder, this allows the paint to remain workable on the application surface and lengthens the mixing and blending process. With many drying agents and solvents available, it aids artists in controlling the dry time for an artwork. The average and safe amount of time it takes for oil paints to dry is six months.

With many qualities of oil paints, the more pigment and less binder means the better kind of paint. "Hue" oil paints normally have a larger amount of binder and less pigment leaving the color dull  if mixed with white. High quality oil paints have a rich, thick, saturation of pigment making for an equally rich piece of art. However, artists have the ability to oversaturate a paint with too much solvent or drying agents which makes for thin paint. While thin oil paint can be easier to work with, it unbalances the necessary ratio of pigment to binder to keep the painting from cracking over a long period of time.

About Mixed Media


"Mixed media" is the common term for art that is created with multiple art mediums. This can vary from using acrylic as an adhesive for sticking paper to a canvas, applying oil paint on top of acrylic paint, using markers and color pencil, or it could be untraditional things, such as scrapped objects, string, food, glass, and much more. The sky is the limit with mixed media.


Copyright © 2006 - 2015 Grace Pennington. All rights reserved.

Portrait artist serving the Northern Virginia, Maryland, and Washington D.C. metropolitan area.